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Title: In Situ Characterization of Hydrated Proteins in Water by SALVI and ToF-SIMS

We demonstrate in situ chemical imaging of protein biomolecules in the aqueous solution using System for Analysis at the Liquid Vacuum Interface (SALVI) and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). The fibronectin protein film was immobilized on the silicon nitride (SiN) membrane forming the SALVI detection area. During ToF-SIMS analysis, three modes of analysis were conducted including high spatial resolution mass spectra, two-dimensional (2D) imaging, and depth profiling. Mass spectra were acquired in both positive and negative modes. Deionized water was also analyzed as a reference sample. Our results show that fibronectin film in water has more distinct and stronger water cluster peaks compared to water alone. Characteristic peaks of amino acid fragments are also observable in the hydrated protein ToF-SIMS spectra. These results illustrate that protein molecule adsorption on a surface can be studied dynamically using SALVI and ToF-SIMS in the liquid environment.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1940-087X; 49694; 48143; 48671
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Visualized Experiments; Journal Volume: 108
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Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
SALVI; ToF-SIMS; protein; water; in situ; chemical imaging; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory