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Title: Iron-based composition for magnetocaloric effect (MCE) applications and method of making a single crystal

A method of making a single crystal comprises heating a material comprising magnetic anisotropy to a temperature T sufficient to form a melt of the material. A magnetic field of at least about 1 Tesla is applied to the melt at the temperature T, where a magnetic free energy difference .DELTA.G.sub.m between different crystallographic axes is greater than a thermal energy kT. While applying the magnetic field, the melt is cooled at a rate of about 30.degree. C./min or higher, and the melt solidifies to form a single crystal of the material.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1241337
Report Number(s):
9,255,343
13/790,560
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2013 Mar 08
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS