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Title: Wheeling and Banking Strategies for Optimal Renewable Energy Deployment. International Experiences

This paper defines the principles of wheeling (i.e., transmission) tariffs and renewable energy (RE) banking provisions and their role in RE deployment in countries with plans for large-scale RE. It reviews experiences to date in the United States, Mexico, and India and discusses key policy and regulatory considerations for devising more effective wheeling and/or banking provisions for countries with ambitious RE deployment targets. The paper addresses the challenges of competing needs of stakeholders, especially those of RE generators, distribution utilities, and transmission network owners and operators. The importance of wheeling and banking and their effectiveness for financial viability of RE deployment is also explored. This paper aims to benefit policymakers and regulators as well as key renewable energy stakeholders. Key lessons for regulators include: creating long-term wheeling and banking policy certainty, considering incentivizing RE through discounted transmission access, and assessing the cost implications of such discounts, as well as expanding access to renewable energy customers.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Energy Regulatory Commission (Mexico)
  3. Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (India)
  4. SunEdison, Mumbai (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; renewable energy (RE); United States; Mexico; India; energy reform; wheeling and banking provisions; transmission networks; renewable energy finance; deployment; financial policy; energy regulation