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Title: Plasma filtering techniques for nuclear waste remediation

Nuclear waste cleanup is challenged by the handling of feed stocks that are both unknown and complex. Plasma filtering, operating on dissociated elements, offers advantages over chemical methods in processing such wastes. The costs incurred by plasma mass filtering for nuclear waste pretreatment, before ultimate disposal, are similar to those for chemical pretreatment. However, significant savings might be achieved in minimizing the waste mass. As a result, this advantage may be realized over a large range of chemical waste compositions, thereby addressing the heterogeneity of legacy nuclear waste.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1239590
Report Number(s):
PPPL-5106; SRNL-STI-2014-00631
Journal ID: ISSN 0304-3894; PII: S0304389415003568
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-09CH11466; AC09-08SR22470
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Hazardous Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 297; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0304-3894
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory; Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States); Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; nuclear waste; separation; plasma mass filter; economic feasibility; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; sludge