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Title: Final Report on Two-Stage Fast Spectrum Fuel Cycle Options

This report presents the performance characteristics of two “two-stage” fast spectrum fuel cycle options proposed to enhance uranium resource utilization and to reduce nuclear waste generation. One is a two-stage fast spectrum fuel cycle option of continuous recycle of plutonium (Pu) in a fast reactor (FR) and subsequent burning of minor actinides (MAs) in an accelerator-driven system (ADS). The first stage is a sodium-cooled FR fuel cycle starting with low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel; at the equilibrium cycle, the FR is operated using the recovered Pu and natural uranium without supporting LEU. Pu and uranium (U) are co-extracted from the discharged fuel and recycled in the first stage, and the recovered MAs are sent to the second stage. The second stage is a sodium-cooled ADS in which MAs are burned in an inert matrix fuel form. The discharged fuel of ADS is reprocessed, and all the recovered heavy metals (HMs) are recycled into the ADS. The other is a two-stage FR/ADS fuel cycle option with MA targets loaded in the FR. The recovered MAs are not directly sent to ADS, but partially incinerated in the FR in order to reduce the amount of MAs to be sent to the ADS. Thismore » is a heterogeneous recycling option of transuranic (TRU) elements« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1239278
Report Number(s):
DOE/NEUP--13-4783
13-4783; TRN: US1600563
DOE Contract Number:
NE0000697
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), Nuclear Energy University Programs (NEUP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; SLIGHTLY ENRICHED URANIUM; NATURAL URANIUM; PLUTONIUM; SODIUM COOLED REACTORS; FUEL CYCLE; FAST REACTORS; HEAVY METALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; ACCELERATOR DRIVEN TRANSMUTATION; ACTINIDES; PERFORMANCE; REPROCESSING