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Title: Energy efficient microwave synthesis of mesoporous Ce 0.5M 0.5O 2 (Ti, Zr, Hf) nanoparticles for low temperature CO oxidation in an ionic liquid – a comparative study

Ce 0.5M 0.5O 2 (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized by microwave irradiation in the ionic liquid [C 4mim][Tf 2N] (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide). The morphology, crystallinity, and chemical composition of the obtained materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Raman spectroscopy, and N 2–adsorption measurements. XRD and Raman spectroscopy analyses confirmed the formation of solid solutions with cubic fluorite structure. The catalytic activities of the Ce 0.5M 0.5O 2 (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) nanoparticles were investigated in the low-temperature oxidation of CO. Ce 0.5Zr 0.5O 2 nanospheres exhibit the best performance (100% conversion at 350 °C), followed by Ce 0.5Hf 0.5O 2 (55% conversion at 360 °C) and Ce 0.5Ti 0.5O 2 (11% conversion at 350 °C). Heating the as-prepared Ce 0.5Zr 0.5O 2 to 600 °C for extended time leads to a decrease in surface area and, as expected decreased catalytic activity. Depending on the ionic liquid the obtained Ce 0.5Zr 0.5O 2 exhibits different morphologies, varying from nano-spheres in [C 4mim][Tf 2N] and [P 66614][Tf 2N] (P 66614 = trishexyltetradecylphosphonium) to sheet-like assemblies in [C 3mimOH][Tf 2N] (C 3mimOH = 1-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3-methylimidazolium). As a result, themore » microwave synthesis superiority to other heating methods like sonochemical synthesis and conventional heating was proven by comparative experiments where the catalytic activity of Ce 0.5Zr 0.5O 2 obtained by alternate methods such as conventional heating was found to be poorer than that of the microwave-synthesised material.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Ruhr-Univ. Bochum, Bochum (Germany)
  2. Ruhr-Univ. Bochum, Bochum (Germany); Cardiff Univ., Wales (United Kingdom)
  3. Ruhr-Univ. Bochum, Bochum (Germany); Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1144-0546; NJCHE5
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
New Journal of Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 39; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1144-0546
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States