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Title: Advanced Hydrogen Transport Membrane for Coal Gasification

A pilot-scale hydrogen transport membrane (HTM) separator was built that incorporated 98 membranes that were each 24 inches long. This separator used an advanced design to minimize the impact of concentration polarization and separated over 1000 scfh of hydrogen from a hydrogen-nitrogen feed of 5000 scfh that contained 30% hydrogen. This mixture was chosen because it was representative of the hydrogen concentration expected in coal gasification. When tested with an operating gasifier, the hydrogen concentration was lower and contaminants in the syngas adversely impacted membrane performance. All 98 membranes survived the test, but flux was lower than expected. Improved ceramic substrates were produced that have small surface pores to enable membrane production and large pores in the bulk of the substrate to allow high flux. Pd-Au was chosen as the membrane alloy because of its resistance to sulfur contamination and good flux. Processes were developed to produce a large quantity of long membranes for use in the demonstration test.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Praxair, Inc., Tonawanda, NY (United States)
  2. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Praxair, Inc., Tonawanda, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States