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Title: A modular reactor design for in situ synchrotron X-ray investigation of atomic layer deposition processes

Synchrotron characterization techniques provide some of the most powerful tools for the study of film structure and chemistry. The brilliance and tunability of the Advanced Photon Source allow access to scattering and spectroscopic techniques unavailable with in-house laboratory setups and provide the opportunity to probe various atomic layer deposition (ALD) processes in situ starting at the very first deposition cycle. Here, we present the design and implementation of a portable ALD instrument which possesses a modular reactor scheme that enables simple experimental switchover between various beamlines and characterization techniques. As first examples, we present \textit{in situ} results for 1.) X-ray surface scattering and reflectivity measurements of epitaxial ZnO ALD on sapphire, 2.) grazing-incidence small angle scattering of MnO nucleation on silicon, and 3.) grazing-incidence X-ray absorption spectroscopy of nucleation-regime Er2O3 ALD on amorphous ALD alumina and single crystalline sapphire.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 11
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)
Sponsoring Org:
Canadian Light Source, Inc.; University of Washington; USDOE Office of Science - Early Career Award; USDOE Office of Science - Energy Frontier Research Center - Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research (ANSER); USDOE Office of Science - Office of Basic Energy Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
X-ray scattering; X-ray spectroscopy; atomic layer deposition; thin film growth