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Title: Technical Reports - FY16 Q1 - October-December 2015

Recent experiments have demonstrated that the frequency dependence of motional heating rates in ion traps can vary dramatically with temperature.1-6 More specifically, it has been shown that, at temperatures below roughly 70 K, heating rates are substantially lower than those observed at temperatures above 70 K.1,2 These observations, combined with experiments that show that ion bombardment may also reduce heating rates,4,5 suggest that one potential source of heating may be the presence of unwanted adatoms on trap surfaces. Based upon this evidence, this past quarter, we have used our previously detailed microscopic model of anomalous heating to study which adatoms may be responsible for the observed temperature-dependent scaling of motional heating rates with frequency. We have also examined the validity of one of the key assumptions in our model - that surface adatom dipoles can be accurately obtained from a variational ansatz - by using more direct DFT calculations of the dipole moments. Our current results suggest that the adatoms potentially responsible for the observed motional heating rates should bind weakly to the electrode surface and likely have a mass that exceeds that of Ne. Preliminary DFT calculations suggest that an analytical adatom dipole model,9 previously used in the ionmore » trap noise literature7 to obtain the dipole as a function of adatom-surface distance, may be insufficiently accurate. Therefore, we are working toward obtaining a tabulation of the distance-dependent dipole for several adsorbates using first principles calculations for more accurate input to the heating model. The accurate calculation of the adatom dipole is important because its fluctuation is what couples to and heats the trapped ion qubit. Future work will focus on calculating the frequency spectra of a variety of hydrocarbons, which should have the binding characteristics identified below as necessary for reproducing experimental results. Upcoming efforts will moreover be directed toward deriving an improved microscopic model of heating which will enable direct comparisons of heating rates with measured ion-surface distances and will more accurately account for experimental parameters such as the trapping frequency, ion-electrode distance, and RF power applied to the electrodes.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1237584
Report Number(s):
LLNL--TR-681009
DOE Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY