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Title: Probing the transition from shallow to deep convection using ASR data and large-eddy simulations

Over the duration of this project, we have made the following advances. 1) We have developed a novel approach to obtain a Lagrangian view of convection from high-resolution numerical model through Lagrangian tracking. This approach nicely complements the more traditionally used Eulerian statistics. We have applied this approach to a range of problem. 2) We have looked into improving and extending our parameterizations based on stochastically entraining parcels, developed previously for shallow convection. 3) This grant also supported our effort on a paper where we compared cumulus parameterizations and cloud resolving models in terms of their linear response functions. This work will help the community to better evaluate and develop cumulus parameterization. 4) We have applied Lagrangian tracking to shallow convection, deep convection with and without convective organization to better characterize their dynamics and the transition between them. 5) We have devised a novel way of using Lagrangian to identify cold pools, an area identified as of great interest by the ASR community. Our algorithm has a number of advantages and in particular can handle merging cold pools more gracefully than existing techniques. 6) We demonstrated that we can, for the first time, correctly reproduce both the diurnal and seasonalmore » cycle of the hydrologic cycle in the Amazon using a strategy that explicitly represents convection but parameterizes large-scale circulation. In addition we showed that the main cause of the wet season is the presence of an early morning fog, which insulate the surface from top of the atmosphere shortwave radiation. In essence this fog makes the day shorter because radiation cannot penetrate to the surface in the early morning. This is why all fluxes are reduced in the wet season compared to the dry season. 7) We have investigated the life cycle of cold pools and the role of surface diabatic heating. We show that surface heating can kill cold pols and reduce the number of large cold pools and the organization of convection. The effect is quite dramatic over land where the entire distribution of cold pools is modified, and the cold pools are much warmer and more humid with surface diabatic heating below the cold pools. The PI and the co-PI continue to work together on parameterization of cold pools.« less
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  1. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)
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Technical Report
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Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)
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United States