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Title: Metal oxide core shell nanostructures as building blocks for efficient light emission (SISGR)

The objective of this research is to synthesize core-shell nano-structured metal oxide materials and investigate their structural, electronic and optical properties to understand the microscopic pathways governing the energy conversion process, thereby controlling and improving their efficiency. Specifically, the goal is to use a single metal oxide core-shell nanostructure and a single excitation source to generate photons with long emission lifetime over the entire visible spectrum and when controlled at the right ratio, generating white light. In order to achieve this goal, we need to control the energy transfer between light emitting elements, which dictates the control of their interatomic spacing and spatial distribution. We developed an economical wet chemical process to form the nanostructured core and to control the thickness and composition of the shell layers. With the help from using DOE funded synchrotron radiation facility, we delineated the growth mechanism of the nano-structured core and the shell layers, thereby enhancing our understanding of structure-property relation in these materials. Using the upconversion luminescence and the lifetime measurements as effective feedback to materials sysnthes is and integration, we demonstrated improved luminescence lifetimes of the core-shell nano-structures and quantified the optimal core-multi-shell structure with optimum shell thickness and composition. We developedmore » a rare-earths co-doped LaPO4 core-multishell structure in order to produce a single white light source. It was decided that the mutli-shell method would produce the largest increase in luminescence efficiency while limiting any energy transfer that may occur between the dopant ions. All samples resulted in emission spectra within the accepted range of white light generation based on the converted CIE color coordinates. The white light obtained varied between warm and cool white depending on the layering architecture, allowing for the utilization into a wide range of applications. With DOE’s overall mandate to reduce the US’s dependence on rare-earth elements, this work demonstrated how to make every RE atom count toward white light generation by controlling their spatial distribution thereby significantly reducing the amount needed. This is one approach toward reducing the dependence on RE elements and the strategies we developed can be used in discovering RE-free systems. The project is of benefit to the general public as it improves the optical efficiency of these materials, while reducing US’s dependence on RE elements.« less
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  1. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
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Technical Report
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Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
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United States