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Title: Manufacturing Readiness and Cost Impacts for PEM Stack and Balance of Plant

The results of two Manufacturing Readiness Assessments of PEM fuel cell stacks and material handling equipment (MHE) and backup power (BUP) PEM fuel cell systems are given. Design modifications of fuel cell systems were made because the initial, 2008 designs did not fully meet the operational requirements of the markets. This situation indicates the 2008 risk elements were overstated.For 2010 BUP and MHE fuel cell systems, manufacturers had not reached the Low Rate Initial Production (LRIP) defined in the 2008 MRA Report at 1,000 units per year per manufacturer.For fuel cell stacks, LRIP was demonstrated by more than one manufacturer.The federal tax incentive program has compensated for the initial high cost of fuel cell systems.The Balance-of-Plant (BOP) has not evolved as rapidly as the PEM fuel cell stack manufacturing readiness.The BOP in 2014 is as costly as the fuel cell stack for MHE applications.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1938-6737
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: ECS Transactions (Online); Journal Volume: 64; Journal Issue: 3; Conference: Presented at the 2014 ECS and SMEQ Joint International Meeting, 5-9 October 2014, Cancun, Mexico; Related Information: ECS Transactions
Electrochemical Society
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
Country of Publication:
United States
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; fuel cells; manufacturing; PEM fuel cells; manufacturing readiness assessment