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Title: Bacillus anthracis spores germinate extracellularly at air-liquid interface in an in vitro lung model under serum-free conditions

Aims: To better understand the parameters that govern spore dissemination after lung exposure using in vitro cell systems. Methods and Results: We evaluated the kinetics of uptake, germination and proliferation of B. anthracis Sterne spores in association with human primary lung epithelial cells, Calu-3, and A549 cell lines. We also analyzed the influence of various cell culture media formulations related to spore germination. Conclusions: We found negligible spore uptake by epithelial cells, but germination and proliferation of spores in the extracellular environment was evident, and was appreciably higher in A549 and Calu-3 cultures than in primary epithelial cells. Additionally, our results revealed spores in association with primary cells submerged in cell culture media germinated 1 h
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  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Chemical and Biological Signature Sciences Group
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Microbiology, 119(3):711-723
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Microbiology, 119(3):711-723
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States