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Title: On the Composition of Bimetallic Near-Surface Alloys in the Presence of Oxygen and Carbon Monoxide

Periodic, self-consistent density functional theory calculations (GGA-PW91) are used to examine surface segregation in close-packed bimetallic Pt-overlayer alloy surfaces (Pt*/M, M = Au, Ag, Cu, Pd, Ir, Rh, Os, Ru, and Re) in different environments. In particular, we find that the thermodynamically stable surface termination in these Pt*/M alloys can be inverted from Pt-terminated in vacuum to M-terminated under exposure to oxygen (for an M that is more oxophillic than Pt). Interestingly, in many of these alloys, Pt is not driven into the bulk, rather it remains in the first subsurface layer where it enhances oxygen binding through a ligand interaction with the surface metal atoms. On the other hand, exposure to CO provides a much milder driving force for the surface composition inversion. To quantify segregation under catalytically relevant conditions, we constructed approximate phase diagrams for the PtRu system as a function of O2 and CO chemical potential (temperature, pressure). The results show that the surface termination inverts with many orders of magnitude higher CO pressure than with O2.
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Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Catalysis Communications, 52:65-71
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory