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Title: Unitarity and the three flavor neutrino mixing matrix

Unitarity is a fundamental property of any theory required to ensure we work in a theoretically consistent framework. In comparison with the quark sector, experimental tests of unitarity for the 3x3 neutrino mixing matrix are considerably weaker. It must be remembered that the vast majority of our information on the neutrino mixing angles originates from v - e and v μ disappearance experiments, with the assumption of unitarity being invoked to constrain the remaining elements. New physics can invalidate this assumption for the 3x3 subset and thus modify our precision measurements. We also perform a reanalysis to see how global knowledge is altered when one refits oscillation results without assuming unitarity, and present 3σ ranges for allowed U PMNS elements consistent with all observed phenomena. We calculate the bounds on the closure of the six neutrino unitarity triangles, with the closure of the v - e and v μ triangle being constrained to be ≤0.03, while the remaining triangles are significantly less constrained to be ≤ 0.1 - 0.2. Similarly for the row and column normalization, we find their deviation from unity is constrained to be ≤ 0.2 - 0.4, for four out of six such normalizations, while for themore » v μ and v e row normalization the deviations are constrained to be ≤0.07, all at the 3σCL. Additionally, we emphasize that there is significant room for new low energy physics, especially in the v τ sector which very few current experiments constrain directly.« less
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  2. Durham Univ., Durham (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; arXiv eprint number arXiv:1508.05095; TRN: US1601621
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States