Optimizing Hydronic System Performance in Residential Applications
Even though new homes constructed with hydronic heat comprise only 3% of the market (US Census Bureau 2009), of the 115 million existing homes in the United States, almost 14 million of those homes (11%) are heated with steam or hot water systems according to 2009 US Census data. Therefore, improvements in hydronic system performance could result in significant energy savings in the US.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- Resource Type:
- Program Document
- Research Org:
- EERE Publication and Product Library
- Sponsoring Org:
- USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Building Technologies Office (EE-5B) (Building America)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- DOE/GO-2013-4108; NREL/SR-5500-60200; October 2013; residential; residential buildings; CARB; Building America; condensing boilers; hydronic systems; gas-fired; baseboard; efficiency; modulating; indirect tank; hot water; buffer tank; variable speed pumps; thermostat setback; recovery; return temperature; standby losses; HVAC; optimization; cycling; AFUE
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