A Monte Carlo Analysis of Weight Data from UF6 Cylinder Feed and Withdrawal Stations
As the number of nuclear facilities handling uranium hexafluoride (UF6) cylinders (e.g., UF6 production, enrichment, and fuel fabrication) increase in number and throughput, more automated safeguards measures will likely be needed to enable the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to achieve its safeguards objectives in a fiscally constrained environment. Monitoring the process data from the load cells built into the cylinder feed and withdrawal (F/W) stations (i.e., cylinder weight data) can significantly increase the IAEA’s ability to efficiently achieve the fundamental safeguards task of confirming operations as declared (i.e., no undeclared activities). Researchers at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Joint Research Center (in Ispra, Italy), and University of Glasgow are investigating how this weight data can be used for IAEA safeguards purposes while fully protecting the operator’s proprietary and sensitive information related to operations. A key question that must be resolved is, what is the necessary frequency of recording data from the process F/W stations to achieve safeguards objectives? This paper summarizes Monte Carlo simulations of typical feed, product, and tails withdrawal cycles and evaluates longer sampling frequencies to determine the expected errors caused by low-frequency sampling and its impact on material balance calculations.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Resource Relation:
- Conference: INMM, Indian Wells, CA, USA, 20150713, 20150713
- Research Org:
- Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
- Sponsoring Org:
- NNSA USDOE - National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION GCEP Safeguards; load cell monitoring
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