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Title: H2FIRST Hydrogen Contaminant Detector Task: Requirements Document and Market Survey

The rollout of hydrogen fueling stations, and the fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) they support, requires the assurance of high quality hydrogen at the dispensing point. Automotive fuel cells are sensitive to a number of chemicals that can be introduced into the dispensed fuel at multiple points. Quality assurance and quality control methods are employed by the industry to ensure product quality, but they are not completely comprehensive and can fail at various points in the hydrogen pathway from production to dispensing. This reality leaves open the possibility of a station unknowingly dispensing harmful contaminants to a FCEV which, depending on the contaminant, may not be discovered until the FCEV is irreparably damaged. This situation is unacceptable. A hydrogen contaminant detector (HCD), defined as a combination of a gas analyzer and the components necessary for fuel stream integration, installed at hydrogen stations is one method for preventing poor quality gas from reaching an FCEV. This document identifies the characteristics required of such a device by industry and compares those requirements with the current state of commercially available gas analysis technology.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1215206
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-5400-64063
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308; AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Program (EE-3F)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION HYDROGEN; FUEL CELL ELECTRIC VEHICLE; FCEV; HYDROGEN CONTAMINANT DETECTOR; HCD; SAE J2719; FUEL STANDARD; HYDROGEN STATION; INFRASTRUCTURE; H2FIRST; H2USA