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Title: Second Life for Electric Vehicle Batteries: Answering Questions on Battery Degradation and Value

Battery second use – putting used plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) batteries into secondary service following their automotive tenure – has been proposed as a means to decrease the cost of PEVs while providing low cost energy storage to other fields (e.g. electric utility markets). To understand the value of used automotive batteries, however, we must first answer several key questions related to National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has developed a methodology and the requisite tools to answer these questions, including NREL’s Battery Lifetime Simulation Tool (BLAST). Herein we introduce these methods and tools, and demonstrate their application. We have found that capacity fade from automotive use has a much larger impact on second use value than resistance growth. Where capacity loss is driven by calendar effects more than cycling effects, average battery temperature during automotive service – which is often driven by climate – is found to be the single factor with the largest effect on remaining value. Installing hardware and software capabilities onboard the vehicle that can both infer remaining battery capacity from in-situ measurements, as well as track average battery temperature over time, will thereby facilitate the second use of automotive batteries.
Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1215098
Report Number(s):
NREL/CP-5400-63524
Journal ID: ISSN 1946--3987
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 2; Conference: SAE 2015 World Congress and Exhibition, 21-23 April 2015, Detroit, Michigan; Related Information: Posted with permission
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; ENERGY STORAGE; BATTERY; BATTERY SECOND USE; PEV; BLAST