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Title: Monitoring microstructural evolution of alloy 617 with non-linear acoustics for remaining useful life prediction; multiaxial creep-fatigue and creep-ratcheting

The research built upon a prior investigation to develop a unified constitutive model for design-­by-­analysis of the intermediate heat exchanger (IHX) for a very high temperature reactor (VHTR) design of next generation nuclear plants (NGNPs). Model development requires a set of failure data from complex mechanical experiments to characterize the material behavior. Therefore uniaxial and multiaxial creep-­fatigue and creep-­ratcheting tests were conducted on the nickel-­base Alloy 617 at 850 and 950°C. The time dependence of material behavior, and the interaction of time dependent behavior (e.g., creep) with ratcheting, which is an increase in the cyclic mean strain under load-­controlled cycling, are major concerns for NGNP design. This research project aimed at characterizing the microstructure evolution mechanisms activated in Alloy 617 by mechanical loading and dwell times at elevated temperature. The acoustic harmonic generation method was researched for microstructural characterization. It is a nonlinear acoustics method with excellent potential for nondestructive evaluation, and even online continuous monitoring once high temperature sensors become available. It is unique because it has the ability to quantitatively characterize microstructural features well before macroscale defects (e.g., cracks) form. The nonlinear acoustics beta parameter was shown to correlate with microstructural evolution using a systematic approach to handlemore » the complexity of multiaxial creep-­fatigue and creep-­ratcheting deformation. Mechanical testing was conducted to provide a full spectrum of data for: thermal aging, tensile creep, uniaxial fatigue, uniaxial creep-­fatigue, uniaxial creep-ratcheting, multiaxial creep-fatigue, and multiaxial creep-­ratcheting. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Optical Microscopy were conducted to correlate the beta parameter with individual microstructure mechanisms. We researched application of the harmonic generation method to tubular mechanical test specimens and pipes for nondestructive evaluation. Tubular specimens and pipes act as waveguides, thus we applied the acoustic harmonic generation method to guided waves in both plates and shells. Magnetostrictive transducers were used to generate and receive guided wave modes in the shell sample and the received signals were processed to show the sensitivity of higher harmonic generation to microstructure evolution. Modeling was initiated to correlate higher harmonic generation with the microstructure that will lead to development of a life prediction model that is informed by the nonlinear acoustics measurements.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Pennsylvania State Univ., State College, PA (United States)
  2. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
  3. Tuskegee Univ., Tuskegee, AL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1214660
Report Number(s):
DOE/NEUP--10-915
10-915; TRN: US1600520
DOE Contract Number:
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); Tuskegee Univ., Tuskegee, AL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE). Nuclear Energy University Program
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; RATCHETING; CREEP; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; FATIGUE; HARMONIC GENERATION; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; MICROSTRUCTURE; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; ACOUSTIC MONITORING; NONDESTRUCTIVE ANALYSIS; SERVICE LIFE; TIME DEPENDENCE; MECHANICAL TESTS; PIPES; TEMPERATURE RANGE 1000-4000 K; FORECASTING; MAGNETOSTRICTION; OPTICAL MICROSCOPY; SHELLS; AGING; DEFECTS; FAILURES; PLATES; SENSITIVITY; STRAINS; INCONEL 617; DYNAMIC LOADS; TUBES; CORRELATIONS