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Title: Batteries: An Advanced Na-FeCl2 ZEBRA Battery for Stationary Energy Storage Application

Sodium-metal chloride batteries, ZEBRA, are considered as one of the most important electrochemical devices for stationary energy storage applications because of its advantages of good cycle life, safety, and reliability. However, sodium-nickel chloride (Na-NiCl2) batteries, the most promising redox chemistry in ZEBRA batteries, still face great challenges for the practical application due to its inevitable feature of using Ni cathode (high materials cost). In this work, a novel intermediate-temperature sodium-iron chloride (Na-FeCl2) battery using a molten sodium anode and Fe cathode is proposed and demonstrated. The first use of unique sulfur-based additives in Fe cathode enables Na-FeCl2 batteries can be assembled in the discharged state and operated at intermediate-temperature (<200°C). The results in this work demonstrate that intermediate-temperature Na-FeCl2 battery technology could be a propitious solution for ZEBRA battery technologies by replacing the traditional Na-NiCl2 chemistry.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832; 48379; TE1400000
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Advanced Energy Materials; Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 12
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
Stationary storage, ZEBRA battery, sodium iron chloride battery, sulfur additives, corrosion; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory