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Title: Physical Properties and CO2 Reaction Pathway of 1-Ethyl-3-Methylimidazolium Ionic Liquids with Aprotic Heterocyclic Anions

Ionic liquids (ILs) with aprotic heterocyclic anions (AHA) are attractive candidates for CO2 capture technologies. In this study, a series of AHA ILs with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ([emim](+)) cations were synthesized, and their physical properties (density, viscosity, and ionic conductivity) were measured. In addition, CO2 solubility in each IL was determined at room temperature using a volumetric method at pressures between 0 and 1 bar. The AHAs are basic anions that are capable of reacting stoichiometrically with CO2 to form carbamate species. An interesting CO2 uptake isotherm behavior was observed, and this may be attributed to a parallel, equilibrium proton exchange process between the imidazolium cation and the basic AHA in the presence of CO2, followed by the formation of "transient" carbene species that react rapidly with CO2. The presence of the imidazolium-carboxylate species and carbamate anion species was verified using H-1 and C-13 NMR spectroscopy. While the reaction between CO2 and the proposed transient carbene resulted in cation-CO2 binding that is stronger than the anion-CO2 reaction, the reactions of the imidazolium AHA ILs were fully reversible upon regeneration at 80 degrees C with nitrogen purging. The presence of water decreased the CO2 uptake due to the inhibiting effect of the neutralmore » species (protonated form of AHA) that is formed.« less
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces and Biophysical Chemistry; Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 51
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
Country of Publication:
United States