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Title: Absorption characteristics of lithium bromide (LiBr) solution constrained by superhydrophobic nanofibrous structures

An experimental study on absorption characteristics of water vapor into a thin lithium bromide (LiBr) solution flow is presented. The LiBr solution flow is constrained between a superhydrophobic vapor permeable wall and a solid surface that removes the heat of absorption. As opposed to conventional falling film absorbers, in this configuration, the solution film thickness and velocity can be controlled independently to enhance the absorption rate. The effects of water vapor pressure, cooling surface temperature, solution film thickness, and solution flow velocity on the absorption rate are studied. An absorption rate of approximately 0.006 kg/m(2) s was measured at a LiBr solution channel thickness and flow velocity of 100 mu m and 5 mm/s, respectively. The absorption rate increased linearly with the water vapor driving potential at the test conditions of this study. It was demonstrated that decreasing the solution film thickness and increasing the solution velocity enhance the absorption rate. The high absorption rate and the inherently compact form of the proposed,absorber facilitate development of compact small-scale waste heat or solar-thermal driven cooling systems. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer; Journal Volume: 63
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
Country of Publication:
United States