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Title: Isobutanol production as an alternative metabolic sink to rescue the growth deficiency of the glycogen mutant of Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942

Glycogen synthesis initiated by glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase (glgC) represents a major carbon storage route in cyanobacteria which could divert a significant portion of assimilated carbon. Significant growth retardation in cyanobacteria with glgC knocked out (Delta glgC) has been reported in high light conditions. Here, we knocked out the glgC gene and analyzed its effects on carbon distribution in an isobutanol-producing strain of Synechococcus elongatus PCC7942 and its parental wild-type strain. We showed that isobutanol production was able to partially rescue the growth of Delta glgC mutant where the growth rescue effect positively correlated with the rate of isobutanol production. Using (NaHCO3)-C-14 incorporation analysis, we observed a 28 % loss of total carbon fixation rate in the Delta glgC mutant compared to the wild-type. Upon expression of the isobutanol production pathway in Delta glgC mutant, the total carbon fixation rate was restored to the wild-type level. Furthermore, we showed that 52 % of the total carbon fixed was redirected into isobutanol biosynthesis in the Delta glgC mutant expressing enzymes for isobutanol production, which is 2.5 times higher than that of the wild-type expressing the same enzymes. These results suggest that biosynthesis of non-native product such as isobutanol can serve as a metabolicmore » sink for replacing glycogen to rescue growth and restore carbon fixation rate. The rescue effect may further serve as a platform for cyanobacteria energy and carbon metabolism study.« less
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
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Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Photosynthesis Research; Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 3
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
Country of Publication:
United States