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Title: Synthesizing carbon nanothreads from benzene

Carbon nanomaterials—e.g., fullerenes, nanotubes, and graphene, with dimensionalities of 0, 1, and 2, respectively—possess beautiful chemical bonding arrangements and extraordinary physical and chemical properties:1–3 see Figure 1(a). As is the case with graphite, their carbon atoms are bonded to three neighbors. Diamondoid molecules and graphane (the fully hydrogenated form of graphene) have fourfold tetrahedral bonding (like diamond) and dimensionalities of 0 and 2, respectively: see Figure 1(b). The diamondoid molecule adamantane, which is capped by hydrogen atoms, comprises the smallest unit cage structure of the diamond crystal lattice. Similarly, graphane represents the thinnest possible sheet of diamond. In this context, queries arise regarding what form the thinnest possible 1D diamond thread would take.
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1210772
DOE Contract Number:
SC0001057
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: SPIE Newsroom; Journal Volume: 2015; Related Information: EFree partners with Carnegie Institution of Washington (lead); California Institute of Technology; Colorado School of Mines; Cornell University; Lehigh University; Pennsylvania State University
Research Org:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC); Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE SC Office of Basic Energy Sciences (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (photovoltaic), phonons, thermoelectric, energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), hydrogen and fuel cells, superconductivity, charge transport, mesostructured materials, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials)