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Title: Milestone Report - M3FT-15OR03120211 - Complete Iodine Loading of NO Aged Ag 0-functionalized Aerogel

In off-gas treatment systems within a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant, capture materials will be exposed to a gas stream for extended periods during their lifetime. This gas stream may be at elevated temperature and could contain water, NOx gas, or a variety of other constituents. For this reason, it is important to understand the effects of long-term exposure, or aging, on proposed capture materials. One material under consideration for iodine sequestration is silver-functionalized silica aerogel (Ag 0-aerogel). The aim of this study was to determine the effect of extended exposure at 150°C to an air stream containing NO on the iodine capture capacity of Ag 0-aerogel. Ag 0-aerogel was provided by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), which manufactures the material at a lab scale. Prior to aging, the material has an iodine loading capacity of approximately 290 mg I/g Ag 0-aerogel. Previous studies have aged the material in a dry air stream or in a moist air stream for up to 6 months. Both tests resulted in a 22% loss in iodine capacity. Aging the material in a static 2% NO 2 environment for up to 2 months results in a 15% loss of iodine capacity.3 In this study,more » exposure of Ag 0-aerogel to 1% NO at 150°C for 2 months produced a loss of 43% in iodine loading capacity. This is largest loss observed for aerogel aging studies to date. The performance of Ag 0-aerogel in this study was compared to the performance of reduced silver mordenite (Ag 0Z) in similar studies. Ag 0Z is a zeolite mineral considered to be the current standard technology for iodine removal from off-gas streams of a potential US used fuel processing plant. In an aging study exposing Ag 0Z to 1% NO for 2 months, an iodine capacity loss of over 80% was observed. This corresponds to a silver utilization of 13.5% for 2 month NO-aged Ag 0Z, compared to 57% silver utilization for 2 month NO-aged aerogel. While iodine loading capacity and silver utilization are critical parameters in evaluating these materials, other properties must also be considered when selecting the appropriate material (e.g., relative material densities and potential waste form production technology). The resistance of Ag 0-aerogel to NO is promising, and investigations of this material for use in iodine capture should continue to be pursued.« less
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  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
AF5805010; NEAF327
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
Country of Publication:
United States
aerogel; iodine; aging