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Title: Field-induced spin density wave and spiral phases in a layered antiferromagnet

Here we determine the low-field ordered magnetic phases of the S=1 dimerized antiferromagnet Ba 3Mn 2O 8 using single crystal neutron diffraction. We find that for magnetic fields between μ 0H=8.80 T and 10.56 T applied along the $$1\bar{1}0$$ direction the system exhibits spin density wave order with incommensurate wave vectors of type (η,η,ε). For μ 0H > 10.56 T, the magnetic order changes to a spiral phase with incommensurate wave vectors only along the [hh0] direction. For both field induced ordered phases, the magnetic moments are lying in the plane perpendicular to the field direction. Finally, the nature of these two transitions is fundamentally different: the low-field transition is a second order transition to a spin-density wave ground state, while the one at higher field, toward the spiral phase, is of first order.
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  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Quantum Condensed Matter Division
  2. Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Grenoble (France). Inst. on Nanoscience and Cryogenics (INAC) and Statistical Physics, Magnetism and Superconductivity (SPSMS)
  3. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Applied Physics and Geballe Lab. for Advanced Materials
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; DMR-1205165; DMR-0454672
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States