Molten-Salt Batteries for Medium and Large-Scale Energy Storage
This chapter discusses two types of molten salt batteries. Both of them are based on a beta-alumina solid electrolyte and molten sodium anode, i.e., sodium-sulfur (Na-S) battery and sodium-metal halide (ZEBRA) batteries. The chapter first reviews the basic electrochemistries and materials for various battery components. It then describes the performance of state-of-the-art batteries and future direction in material development for these batteries.
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- Related Information: Advances in Batteries for Medium and Large-Scale Energy Storage: Types and Applications, 91-124
- C Menictas, M Skyllas-Kazacos and LT Mariana; Woodhead Publishing, Waltham, MA, United States(US).
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- Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US)
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- United States