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Title: Examining the Critical Roles of Protons in Facilitating Oxidation of Chloride Ions by Permanganates: A Cluster Model Study

The oxidation power of permanganates (MnO4–) is known to be strongly dependent on pH values, and is greatly enhanced in acidic solutions, in which, for example, MnO4– can even oxidize Cl– ions to produce Cl2 molecules. Although such dependence has been ascribed due to the different reduced states of Mn affordable in different pH media, a molecular level understanding and characterization of initial redox pair complexes available in different pH solutions is very limited. Herein, we report a comparative study of [MnO4]– and [MnO4•Sol]– (Sol = H2O, KCl, and HCl) anion clusters by negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy (NIPES) and theoretical computations to probe chemical bonding and electronic structures of [MnO4•Sol]– clusters, aimed to obtain a microscopic understanding of how MnO4– interacts with surrounding molecules. Our study shows that H2O behaves as a solvent molecule, KCl is a spectator bound by pure electrostatic interactions, both of which do not influence the MnO4– identity in their respective clusters. In contrast, in [MnO4•HCl]–, the proton is found to interact with both MnO4– and Cl– with appreciable covalent characters, and the frontier MOs of the cluster are comprised of contributions from both MnO4– and Cl– moieties. Therefore the proton serves as a chemical bridge,more » bringing two negatively charged redox species together to form an intimate redox pair. By adding more H+ to MnO4–, the oxygen atom can be taken away in the form of a water molecule, leaving MnO4– as an electron deficient MnO3+ species, which can subsequently oxidize Cl– ions.« less
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
48585; KC0301020
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 119(24):6244-6251
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory