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Title: Electronic and chemical state of aluminum from the single- (K) and double-electron excitation (KL II&III, KL I) x-ray absorption near-edge spectra of α-alumina, sodium aluminate, aqueous Al³⁺•(H₂O)₆, and aqueous Al(OH)₄⁻

We probe, at high energy resolution, the double electron excitation (KL II&II) x-ray absorption region that lies approximately 115 eV above the main Al K-edge (1566 eV) of α-alumina and sodium aluminate. The two solid standards, α-alumina (octahedral) and sodium aluminate (tetrahedral) are compared to aqueous species that have the same Al coordination symmetries, Al³⁺•6H₂O (octahedral) and Al(OH)₄⁻ (tetrahedral). For the octahedral species, the edge height of the KL II&III-edge is approximately 10% of the main K-edge however the edge height is much weaker (3% of K-edge height) for Al species with tetrahedral symmetry. For the α-alumina and aqueous Al³⁺•6H₂O the KL II&III spectra contain white line features and extended absorption fine structure (EXAFS) that mimics the K-edge spectra. The KL II&III-edge feature interferes with an important region of the extended-XAFS region of the spectra for the K-edge of the crystalline and aqueous standards. The K-edge spectra and K-edge positions are predicted using time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT). The TDDFT calculations for the K-edge XANES spectra reproduce the observed transitions in the experimental spectra of the four Al species. The KL II&III and KL I onsets and their corresponding chemical shifts for the four standards are estimated using the deltamore » self-consistent field (ΔSCF) method. Research by JLF, NG, EJB, AV, TDS was supported by U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE), Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences. NG thanks Amity Andersen for help with the α-Al₂O₃ and tetrahedral sodium aluminate (NaAlO₂) clusters. All the calculations were performed using the Molecular Science Computing Capability at EMSL, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL is a multi-program national laboratory operated for DOE by Battelle under Contract # AC05-76RL01830.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1520-6106; 48614; KC0301020
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces and Biophysical Chemistry; Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 26
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
aluminum; double electron; XAFS; XANES; TDDFT; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory