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Title: Potential impact of releases from a new Molybdenum-99 production facility on regional measurements of airborne xenon isotopes

The monitoring of the radioactive xenon isotopes 131mXe, 133Xe, 133mXe, and 135Xe is important for the detection of nuclear explosions. While backgrounds of the xenon isotopes are short-lived, they are constantly replenished from activities dominated by the fission-based production of 99Mo used for medical procedures. One of the most critical locations on earth for the monitoring of nuclear explosions is the Korean peninsula, where the Democratic Republic of North Korea (DPRK) has announced that it had conducted three nuclear tests between 2009 and 2013. This paper explores the backgrounds that would be caused by the medium to large scale production of 99Mo in the region of the Korean peninsula.
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Resource Type:
Journal Article
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Journal Name: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 129:43-47
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
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Country of Publication:
United States
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty; CTBT; International Monitoring System; IMS, Medical isotopes; radioxenon; nuclear explosions