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Title: The Mid-latitude Continental Convective Clouds (MC3E) Experiment Final Campaign Report

The Mid-latitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E) took place from April 22 through June 6, 2011, centered at the ARM Southern Great Plains site ( in northcentral Oklahoma. MC3E was a collaborative effort between the ARM Climate Research Facility and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA’s) Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission Ground Validation (GV) program. The campaign leveraged the largest ground-based observing infrastructure available in the central United States, including recent upgrades through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, combined with an extensive sounding array, remote sensing and in situ aircraft observations, and additional radar and in situ precipitation instrumentation. The overarching goal of the campaign was to provide a three-dimensional characterization of convective clouds and precipitation for the purpose of improving the representation of convective lifecycle in atmospheric models and the reliability of satellite-based retrievals of precipitation.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. McGill Univ., Montreal, QC (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility, OK (United States). Southern Great Plains
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
ARM; Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility; MC3E, Mid-latitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment; Final Campaign Summary