A Simple Evacuation Modeling and Simulation Tool for First Responders
Although modeling and simulation of mass evacuations during a natural or man-made disaster is an on-going and vigorous area of study, tool adoption by front-line first responders is uneven. Some of the factors that account for this situation include cost and complexity of the software. For several years, Oak Ridge National Laboratory has been actively developing the free Incident Management Preparedness and Coordination Toolkit (IMPACT) to address these issues. One of the components of IMPACT is a multi-agent simulation module for area-based and path-based evacuations. The user interface is designed so that anyone familiar with typical computer drawing tools can quickly author a geospatially-correct evacuation visualization suitable for table-top exercises. Since IMPACT is designed for use in the field where network communications may not be available, quick on-site evacuation alternatives can be evaluated to keep pace with a fluid threat situation. Realism is enhanced by incorporating collision avoidance into the simulation. Statistics are gathered as the simulation unfolds, including most importantly time-to-evacuate, to help first responders choose the best course of action.
- Publication Date:
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- Conference: IEEE Southeastcon, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA, 20150409, 20150412
- Research Org:
- Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
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- Country of Publication:
- United States
- evacuation modeling and simulation; incident management; emergency preparedness and response; geographic information systems; data fusion
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