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Title: Complex doping of group 13 elements In and Ga in caged skutterudite CoSb 3

The complex doping behavior of Ga and In in CoSb 3 has been investigated using ab initio total-energy calculations and thermodynamics. The formation energies of void filling, Sb substitution and complex dual-site occupancy defects with different charge states, and their dependence on chemical potentials of species, were studied. Results show that Ga predominantly forms dual-site 2Ga VF–Ga Sb defects and substitutes for Sb only at very high Fermi levels or electron concentrations. In, on the other hand, can play multiple roles in skutterudites, including filling in the crystalline voids, substituting for Sb atoms or forming dual-site occupancy, among which the fully charge-compensated dual-site defects (2In VF–In Sb and 4In VF–2In Sb) are dominant. The equilibrium concentration ratio of impurities at void-filling sites to those at Sb-substitution sites for Ga-doped CoSb 3 is very close to be 2:1, while this value markedly deviates from 2:1 for In-doped CoSb 3. Furthermore, the 2:1 ratio of Ga doping in CoSb 3 leads to low electron concentration (~2 × 10 19 cm –3) and makes the doped system a semiconductor.
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  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai (China)
  2. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Acta Materialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 85; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; defect; thermoelectric; ab initio calculations; skutterudites