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Title: Anorthite sputtering by H + and Ar q+ (q = 1-9) at solar wind velocities

Here, we report sputtering measurements of anorthite-like material, taken to be representative of soils found in the lunar highlands, impacted by singly and multicharged ions representative of the solar wind. The ions investigated include protons, as well as singly and multicharged Ar ions (as proxies for the nonreactive heavy solar wind constituents), in the charge state range +1 to +9, at fixed solar wind-relevant impact velocities of 165 and 310 km/s (0.25 keV/amu and 0.5 keV/amu). A quartz microbalance approach (QCM) for determination of total sputtering yields was used. The goal of the measurements was to determine the sputtering contribution of the heavy, multicharged minority solar wind constituents in comparison to that due to the dominant H + fraction. The QCM results show a yield increase of a factor of about 80 for Ar + versus H + sputtering and an enhancement by a factor of 1.67 between Ar 9+ and Ar +, which is a clear indication of a potential sputtering effect.
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  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9380
American Geophysical Union
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS); Multicharged Ion Research Facility (MIRF)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States