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Title: Instrument for stable high temperature Seebeck coefficient and resistivity measurements under controlled oxygen partial pressure

The transport properties of ceramic materials strongly depend on oxygen activity, which is tuned by changing the partial oxygen pressure (pO 2) prior to and during measurement. Within, we describe an instrument for highly stable measurements of Seebeck coefficient and electrical resistivity at temperatures up to 1300 K with controlled oxygen partial pressure. An all platinum construction is used to avoid potential materials instabilities that can cause measurement drift. Two independent heaters are employed to establish a small temperature gradient for Seebeck measurements, while keeping the average temperature constant and avoiding errors associated with pO 2-induced drifts in thermocouple readings. Oxygen equilibrium is monitored using both an O 2 sensor and the transient behavior of the resistance as a proxy. A pO 2 range of 10 -25–10 0 atm can be established with appropriate gas mixtures. Seebeck measurements were calibrated against a high purity platinum wire, Pt/Pt–Rh thermocouple wire, and a Bi 2Te3 Seebeck coefficient Standard Reference Material. To demonstrate the utility of this instrument for oxide materials we present measurements as a function of pO 2 on a 1 % Nb-doped SrTiO 3 single crystal, and show systematic changes in properties consistent with oxygen vacancy defect chemistry. Thus, anmore » approximately 11% increase in power factor over a pO 2 range of 10 -19–10 -8 atm at 973 K for the donor-doped single crystals is observed.« less
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  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2461; 542913
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 50; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2461
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States