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Title: Crab cavities: Past, present, and future of a challenging device

In two-ring facilities operating with a crossing-angle collision scheme, luminosity can be limited due to an incomplete overlapping of the colliding bunches. Crab cavities then are introduced to restore head-on collisions by providing the destined opposite deflection to the head and tail of the bunch. An increase in luminosity was demonstrated at KEKB with global crab-crossing, while the Large Hardron Collider (LHC) at CERN currently is designing local crab crossing for the Hi-Lumi upgrade. Future colliders may investigate both approaches. In this paper, we review the challenges in the technology, and the implementation of crab cavities, while discussing experience in earlier colliders, ongoing R&D, and proposed implementations for future facilities, such as HiLumi-LHC, CERN’s compact linear collider (CLIC), the international linear collider (ILC), and the electron-ion collider under design at BNL (eRHIC).
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1183862
Report Number(s):
BNL--107438-2015-CP
R&D Project: KBCH139; KB0202011; TRN: US1500223
DOE Contract Number:
SC00112704
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 6th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC’15), Richmond, VA (United States), 3-8 May 2015
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; CERN LHC; LINEAR COLLIDERS; BEAM LUMINOSITY; CAVITY RESONATORS; ELECTRONS; COLLIDING BEAMS; PLANNING; IMPLEMENTATION; IONS; REVIEWS; STORAGE RINGS