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Title: Maximizing Efficiency in Two-step Solar-thermochemical Fuel Production

Widespread solar fuel production depends on its economic viability, largely driven by the solar-to-fuel conversion efficiency. Herein, the material and energy requirements in two-step solar-thermochemical cyclesare considered.The need for advanced redox active materials is demonstrated, by considering the oxide mass flow requirements at a large scale. Two approaches are also identified for maximizing the efficiency: optimizing reaction temperatures, and minimizing the pressure in the thermal reduction step by staged thermal reduction. The results show that each approach individually, and especially the two in conjunction, result in significant efficiency gains.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1876-6102; 537459
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Energy Procedia; Journal Volume: 69; Journal Issue: C
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
Country of Publication:
United States