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Title: A methodology for understanding the impacts of large-scale penetration of micro-combined heat and power

Co-generation at small kW-e scale has been stimulated in recent years by governments and energy regulators as one way to increasing energy efficiency and reducing CO2emissions. If a widespread adoption should be realized, their effects from a system's point of view are crucial to understand the contributions of this technology. Based on a methodology that uses long-term capacity planning expansion, this paper explores some of the implications for an electric power system of having a large number of micro-CHPs. Results show that fuel cells-based micro-CHPs have the best and most consistent performance for different residential demands from the customer and system's perspectives. As the penetration increases at important levels, gas-based technologies - particularly combined cycle units - are displaced in capacity and production, which impacts the operation of the electric system during summer peak hours. Other results suggest that the tariff design impacts the economic efficiency of the system and the operation of micro-CHPs under a price-based strategy. Finally, policies aimed at micro-CHPs should consider the suitability of the technology (in size and heat-to-power ratio) to meet individual demands, the operational complexities of a large penetration, and the adequacy of the economic signals to incentivize an efficient and sustainable operation.more » Highlights: Capacity displacements and daily operation of an electric power system are explored; Benefits depend on energy mix, prices, and micro-CHP technology and control scheme; Benefits are observed mostly in winter when micro-CHP heat and power are fully used; Micro-CHPs mostly displace installed capacity from natural gas combined cycle units; and, Tariff design impacts economic efficiency of the system and operation of micro-CHPs.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. MIT Energy Initiative, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Institute for Research in Technology, Comillas Pontifical University (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1179464
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Energy Policy; Journal Volume: 61; Journal Issue: 1
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT) Energy Initiative, Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Gas Technology Institute
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; CAPACITY; CARBON DIOXIDE; COMBINED-CYCLE POWER PLANTS; CONTROL; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; ENERGY POLICY; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; FUEL CELLS; GAS TURBINE POWER PLANTS; NATURAL GAS; PEAK LOAD; PLANNING; POWER SYSTEMS; PRICES; TARIFFS