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Title: Recovery Act. Demonstration of a Pilot Integrated Biorefinery for the Efficient, Direct Conversion of Biomass to Diesel Fuel

The Renewable Energy Institute International, in collaboration with Greyrock Energy and Red Lion Bio-Energy (RLB) has successfully demonstrated operation of a 25 ton per day (tpd) nameplate capacity, pilot, pre-commercial-scale integrated biorefinery (IBR) plant for the direct production of premium, “drop-in”, synthetic fuels from agriculture and forest waste feedstocks using next-generation thermochemical and catalytic conversion technologies. The IBR plant was built and tested at the Energy Center, which is located in the University of Toledo Medical Campus in Toledo, Ohio.
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  1. Renewable Energy Institute International, Sacramentao, CA (United States)
  2. Greyrock Energy, Sacramento, CA (United States)
  3. Red Lion Bio-Energy, Toledo, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Renewable Energy Institute International, Sacramentao, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
Contributing Orgs:
Renewable Energy Institute International; Greyrock Energy; Red-Lion Bioenergy
Country of Publication:
United States
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; 03 NATURAL GAS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 42 ENGINEERING; 47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY Biomass; Feedstocks; Rice Hulls; Wood; Renewable Diesel Fuel; Synthetic Diesel Fuel; Renewable Fuels; Reformulated Gasoline Blendstocks; Integrated Biorefinery; Risk Management; Mitigation Analysis; Safety; Health; Plant Engineering; Plant Design; Engineering Processes; Management Processes; Value Engineering; Concurrent Engineering; Piping and Instrument Design (P&ID); Material Science; Design for Manufacturing; Kinetics; Thermodynamics; Physics; Organic Chemistry; Analytical Chemistry; Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA); Component Manufacturing; Modular Design; Component Procurement; Feedstock Introduction; Solids Steam Reforming; Gases Steam Reforming; Slow Pyrolysis; Syngas; Syngas Purification; Purified Syngas; Catalytic Reactor; Catalytic Conversion; Fuel Synthesis; Direct Fuel Production; Syngas Catalysis; Product Separation; Fuel Storage; Fuel Distillation; Catalyst Tailgas; Control Systems; Data Acquisition Systems; Process Control; Training; Test Campaigns; Plant Stand