An Experimental and Modeling Investigation on High-Rate Formability of Aluminum
This work describes the integrated experimental and modeling effort at PNNL to enhance the room-temperature formability of aluminum alloys by taking advantage of formability improvements generally associated with high-strain-rate forming. Al alloy AA5182-O sheets were deformed in near plane-strain conditions at strain-rates exceeding 1000 /s using the electrohydraulic forming (EHF) technique, and at quasi-static strain-rates via a bulge test. A novel capability, combining high-speed imaging with digital image correlation technique, was developed to quantify the deformation history during high-rate forming. Sheet deformation under high rates was modeled in Abaqus and validated with experimentally determined deformation data. The experimental results show a ~2.5x increase in formability at high rates, relative to quasi-static rates, under a proportional loading path that was verified by the experimental data. The model shows good correlation with the experimentally determined strain path. It is anticipated that such integrated experimental and modeling work will enable room-temperature forming of Al and industrial implementation of high-rate forming processes.
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- Resource Relation:
- Conference: Light Metals 2014, February 16-20, 2014, San Diego, California, 219-225
- J Grandfield; John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, United States(US).
- Research Org:
- Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US)
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- Country of Publication:
- United States