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Title: Method and apparatus for smart battery charging including a plurality of controllers each monitoring input variables

A method for managing the charging and discharging of batteries wherein at least one battery is connected to a battery charger, the battery charger is connected to a power supply. A plurality of controllers in communication with one and another are provided, each of the controllers monitoring a subset of input variables. A set of charging constraints may then generated for each controller as a function of the subset of input variables. A set of objectives for each controller may also be generated. A preferred charge rate for each controller is generated as a function of either the set of objectives, the charging constraints, or both, using an algorithm that accounts for each of the preferred charge rates for each of the controllers and/or that does not violate any of the charging constraints. A current flow between the battery and the battery charger is then provided at the actual charge rate.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1176526
Report Number(s):
8,558,511
12/384,766
DOE Contract Number:
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2009 Apr 07
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION