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Title: Ejecta Particle-Size Measurements in Vacuum and Helium Gas using Ultraviolet In-Line Fraunhofer Holography

An ultraviolet (UV) in-line Fraunhofer holography diagnostic has been developed for making high-resolution spatial measurements of ejecta particles traveling at many mm/μsec. This report will discuss the development of the diagnostic, including the high-powered laser system and high-resolution optical relay system. In addition, we will also describe the system required to reconstruct the images from the hologram and the corresponding analysis of those images to extract particles. Finally, we will present results from six high-explosive (HE), shock-driven Sn-ejecta experiments. Particle-size distributions will be shown that cover most of the ejecta velocities for experiments conducted in a vacuum, and helium gas environments. In addition, a modification has been made to the laser system that produces two laser pulses separated by 6.8 ns. This double-pulsed capability allows a superposition of two holograms to be acquired at two different times, thus allowing ejecta velocities to be measured directly. Results from this double-pulsed experiment will be described.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. National Security Technologies, LLC. (NSTec), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. National Security Technologies, LLC. (NSTec), Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1170392
Report Number(s):
LA-UR--14-24722; DOE/NV/25946--2184
DOE Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396; AC52-06NA25496
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
National Security Technologies, LLC. (NSTec), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ejecta; particle size; in-line Fraunhofer holography; UV; ultraviolet