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Title: Crystal structures of alkylperoxo and anhydride intermediates in an intradiol ring-cleaving dioxygenase

Intradiol aromatic ring-cleaving dioxygenases use an active site, nonheme Fe 3+ to activate O 2 and catecholic substrates for reaction. The inability of Fe 3+ to directly bind O 2 presents a mechanistic conundrum. The reaction mechanism of protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase is investigated in this paper using the alternative substrate 4-fluorocatechol. This substrate is found to slow the reaction at several steps throughout the mechanistic cycle, allowing the intermediates to be detected in solution studies. When the reaction was initiated in an enzyme crystal, it was found to halt at one of two intermediates depending on the pH of the surrounding solution. The X-ray crystal structure of the intermediate at pH 6.5 revealed the key alkylperoxo-Fe 3+ species, and the anhydride-Fe 3+ intermediate was found for a crystal reacted at pH 8.5. Intermediates of these types have not been structurally characterized for intradiol dioxygenases, and they validate four decades of spectroscopic, kinetic, and computational studies. In contrast to our similar in crystallo crystallographic studies of an Fe 2+-containing extradiol dioxygenase, no evidence for a superoxo or peroxo intermediate preceding the alkylperoxo was found. This observation and the lack of spectroscopic evidence for an Fe 2+ intermediate that could bind O 2more » are consistent with concerted formation of the alkylperoxo followed by Criegee rearrangement to yield the anhydride and ultimately ring-opened product. Finally, structural comparison of the alkylperoxo intermediates from the intra- and extradiol dioxygenases provides a rationale for site specificity of ring cleavage.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry Molecular Biology and Biophysics. Center for Metals in Biocatalysis
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; GM24689; GM08700
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 112; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Research Org:
Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); National Inst. of Health (NIH) (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; dioxygenase; oxygen activation; X-ray crystallography; reaction intermediate; Fe(III)