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Title: Final Report - Durable Catalysts for Fuel Cell Protection during Transient Conditions

The objective of this project was to develop catalysts that will enable proton exchange membranes (PEM) fuel cell systems to weather the damaging conditions in the fuel cell at voltages beyond the thermodynamic stability of water during the transient periods of start-up/shut-down and fuel starvation. Such catalysts are required to make it possible for the fuel cell to satisfy the 2015 DOE targets for performance and durability. The project addressed a key issue of importance for successful transition of PEM fuel cell technology from development to pre-commercial phase. This issue is the failure of the catalyst and the other thermodynamically unstable membrane electrode assembly (MEA) components during start-up/shut-down and local fuel starvation at the anode, commonly referred to as transient conditions. During these periods the electrodes can reach potentials higher than the usual 1.23V upper limit during normal operation. The most logical way to minimize the damage from such transient events is to minimize the potential seen by the electrodes. At lower positive potentials, increased stability of the catalysts themselves and reduced degradation of the other MEA components is expected.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. 3M Company, St. Paul, MN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
3M Company, St. Paul, MN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Program (EE-3F)
Contributing Orgs:
Dalhousie Univ.; AFCC Automotive Fuel Cell Cooperative; Argonne National Lab.
Country of Publication:
United States
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION Catalysts; Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Systems; PEM, Transient Conditions; Start-Up/Shut-Down; Performance; Durability; Membrane Electrode Assembly; MEA; Nano-Structured Thin Film Catalyst; NSTF; Oxygen Evolution Reaction; OER