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Title: Low-temperature carbon monoxide oxidation catalysed by regenerable atomically dispersed palladium on alumina

Catalysis by single isolated atoms of precious metals has attracted much recent interest since it promises the ultimate economy in atom efficiency. Previous reports have been confined to reducible oxide supports such as FeO x, TiO₂ or CeO₂. Here we show that isolated Pd atoms can be stabilized on industrially relevant gamma-alumina supports. At low Pd loadings (≤0.5 wt%) these catalysts contain exclusively atomically dispersed Pd species. The addition of lanthanum-oxide to the alumina, long known for its ability to improve alumina stability, is found to also help in the stabilization of isolated Pd atoms. Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (AC-STEM) confirms the presence of intermingled Pd and La on the gamma-alumina surface. Operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy, performed on Pd/La-alumina and Pd/gamma-alumina (0.5 wt% Pd) demonstrates the presence of catalytically active atomically dispersed ionic Pd in the Pd/La-doped gamma-alumina system. CO oxidation reactivity measurements show onset of catalytic activity at 40 °C, indicating that the ionic Pd species are not poisoned by CO. The reaction order in CO and O₂ is positive, suggesting a reaction mechanism that is different from that on metallic Pd. The catalyst activity is lost if the Pd species are reduced to their metallic form, butmore » the activity can be regenerated by oxidation at 700 °C in air. The high-temperature stability of these ionic Pd species on commercial alumina supports makes this catalyst system of potential interest for low-temperature exhaust treatment catalysts.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); UNIST, Ulsan (Korea)
  4. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  5. New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States)
  6. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  7. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723; 47582; KC0302010
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nature Communications; Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 52
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory