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Title: Decadal Prediction and Stochastic Simulation of Hydroclimate Over Monsoonal Asia

We developed further our advanced methods of time series analysis and empirical model reduction (EMR) and applied them to climatic time series relevant to hydroclimate over Monsoonal Asia. The EMR methodology was both generalized further and laid on a rigorous mathematical basis via multilayered stochastic models (MSMs). We identified easily testable conditions that imply the existence of a global random attractor for MSMs and allow for non-polynomial predictors. This existence, in turn, guarantees the numerical stability of the MSMs so obtained. We showed that, in the presence of low-frequency variability (LFV), EMR prediction can be improved further by including information from selected times in the system’s past. This prediction method, dubbed Past-Noise Forecasting (PNF), was successfully applied to the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO). Our time series analysis and forecasting methods, based on singular-spectrum analysis (SSA) and its enhancements, were applied to several multi-centennial proxy records provided by the Lamont team. These included the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) for 1300–2005 from the Monsoonal Asia Drought Atlas (MADA), and a 300-member ensemble of pseudo-reconstructions of Indus River discharge for 1702–2005. The latter was shown to exhibit a robust 27-yr low-frequency mode, which helped multi-decadal retroactive forecasts with no look-ahead over this 300-yearmore » interval.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  2. IRI, Chicago, IL (United States)
  3. LDEO Tree Ring Lab., New York, NY (United States)
  4. Columbia Water Center, New York, NY (United States)
  5. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES Centennial proxy records; Data-based closure models; Empirical model reduction (EMR); Indus River discharge; Low-frequency variability (LFV); Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO); Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI); Singular-spectrum analysis (SSA); Stochastic modeling; Time series analysis and forecasting