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Title: Final Technical Report. Reactivity of Iron-Bearing Minerals and CO 2 Sequestration and Surface Chemistry of Pyrite. An Interdisciplinary Approach

Over the course of the scientific program, two areas of research were pursued: reactions of iron oxides with supercritical CO 2 and sulfide and surface reactivity of pyrite. The latter area of interest was to understand the chemistry that results when supercritical CO 2 (scCO 2 ) with H 2 S and/or SO 2 in deep saline formations (DFS) contacts iron bearing minerals. Understanding the complexities the sulfur co-injectants introduce is a critical step in developing CO 2 sequestration as a climate-mitigating strategy. The research strategy was to understand macroscopic observations of this chemistry with an atomic/molecular level view using surface analytical techniques. Research showed that the exposure of iron (oxyhdr)oxides (which included ferrihydrite, goethite, and hematite) to scCO 2 in the presence of sulfide led to reactions that formed siderite (FeCO 3). The results have important implications for the sequestration of CO 2 via carbonation reactions in the Earth’s subsurface. An earlier area of focus in the project was to understand pyrite oxidation in microscopic detail. This understanding was used to understand macroscopic observations of pyrite reactivity. Results obtained from this research led to a better understanding how pyrite reacts in a rangemore » of chemical environments. Geochemical and modern surface science techniques were used to understand the chemistry of pyrite in important environmental conditions. The program relied on a strong integration the results of these techniques to provide a fundamental understanding to the macroscopic chemistry exhibited by pyrite in the environment. Major achievements during these studies included developing an understanding of the surface sites on pyrite that controlled its reactivity under oxidizing conditions. In particular sulfur anion vacancies and/or ferric sites were sites of reactivity. Studies also showed that the adsorption of phospholipid on the surface to selectively suppress the reactivity of these sites could of potential importance for suppressing acid mine drainage in the environment (a problem common to coal-mining sites). Biotic studies showed that microbial activity that promotes the oxidation of pyrite to produce AMD could also be suppressed by the adsorption of phospholipid.« less
  1. Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
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Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Temple University, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
58 GEOSCIENCES supercritical CO2; siderite; CO2 sequestration; pyrite; AMD; phospholipid; surface reactivity