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Title: Hierarchical Petascale Simulation Framework for Stress Corrosion Cracking

Reaction Dynamics in Energetic Materials: Detonation is a prototype of mechanochemistry, in which mechanically and thermally induced chemical reactions far from equilibrium exhibit vastly different behaviors. It is also one of the hardest multiscale physics problems, in which diverse length and time scales play important roles. The CACS group has performed multimillion-atom reactive MD simulations to reveal a novel two-stage reaction mechanism during the detonation of cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX) crystal. Rapid production of N2 and H2O within ~10 ps is followed by delayed production of CO molecules within ~ 1 ns. They found that further decomposition towards the final products is inhibited by the formation of large metastable C- and O-rich clusters with fractal geometry. The CACS group has also simulated the oxidation dynamics of close-packed aggregates of aluminum nanoparticles passivated by oxide shells. Their simulation results suggest an unexpectedly active role of the oxide shell as a nanoreactor.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
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DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
University of Southern California
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21)
Country of Publication:
United States
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS Stress corrosion cracking, petascale computing