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Title: Geography of Existing and Potential Alternative Fuel Markets in the United States

When deploying alternative fuels, it is paramount to match the right fuel with the right location, in accordance with local market conditions. We used six market indicators to evaluate the existing and potential regional market health for each of the five most commonly deployed alternative fuels: electricity (used by plug-in electric vehicles), biodiesel (blends of B20 and higher), E85 ethanol, compressed natural gas (CNG), and propane. Each market indicator was mapped, combined, and evaluated by industry experts. This process revealed the weight the market indicators should be given, with the proximity of fueling stations being the most important indicator, followed by alternative fuel vehicle density, gasoline prices, state incentives, nearby resources, and finally, environmental benefit. Though markets vary among states, no state received 'weak' potential for all five fuels, indicating that all states have an opportunity to use at least one alternative fuel. California, Illinois, Indiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington appear to have the best potential markets for alternative fuels in general, with each sporting strong markets for four of the fuels. Wyoming showed the least potential, with weak markets for all alternative fuels except for CNG, for which it has a patchy market. Of all the fuels, CNG is promisingmore » in the greatest number of states--largely because freight traffic provides potential demand for many far-reaching corridor markets and because the sources of CNG are so widespread geographically.« less
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1164094
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-5400-60891
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO.
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Vehicle Technologies Office
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; 10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; MARKET; GEOGRAPHY; ETHANOL; PROPANE; NATURAL GAS ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES; MARKETS; GEOGRAPHY; LOGISTICS; STATIONS; DEPLOYMENT; ETHANOL; E85; BIODIESEL; PROPANE; NATURAL GAS; CNG; ELECTRIC; EV; EVSE; Transportation